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  • Scientific name:
    Viola pedata
  • Common Name:
    Birdfoot Violet
  • Scientific Name Pronunciation:
    vee-OH-luh ped-AH-tuh
  • Plant Type: Perennial
  • Hardiness Zones:
    4-8
  • Usual Size:
    3-6 in. H X 3-6 in. W
  • Flower:
    Flowers are large (1-1.5 inches), purple, flat-faced with prominent yellow stamens; upper two petals are sometimes much darker than lower petals; rarely white; will sometimes rebloom in fall.
  • Bloom Time Notes:
    Late Spring
  • Leaf:
    Dark green; basal with long petioles; finely cut into finger-like palmate lobes.
  • Fruit:
    Capsule that ripens from green to tan and splits open casting seeds out.
  • Wildlife:
    Viola is the host plant for Great Spangled Fritillary butterflies
  • Natural Habitat:
    Rocky or dry open woods; slopes; ridges; prairies; glades; roadsides.
  • Propagation:
    Seed (needs cold stratification); root cuttings: cut a circle around the crown of the plant approximately 3/4 inch from the crown and 4 inches or so into the soil; remove plant and fill hole with a light potting soil; replant original plant; new plants will grow from ends of cut roots and can be transplanted to permanent locations.
  • Cultural Notes:

    Birdfoot Violet (Viola pedata) grows in full sun; does best in sandy or gravelly, dry, extremely well-drained soil; do not fertilize as it likes poor soil; requires no care once established; may self-seed in optimum conditions; crown will rot unless soil is very well drained; good plant for rock garden or edge of sunny, gravel path. Usually a small rosette of leaves is evergreen throughout the winter.

     

    Other Common Names: Crowfoot Violet, Pansy Violet, Bird's Foot Violet

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