Scientific Name Pronounciation:
Plant Hardiness Zones:
Plant Hardiness Zone(s):
6-18 in. H X 9-12 in. W
Bloom Time Notes:
Evergreen; leaf stalk (stipe) glossy, dark red-brown to black; forms asymmetrical clump.
Fertile fronds are longer and more erect than sterile fronds, but similar; sori are elongate.
Birds may use old fronds for nesting material.
Division or by spores
Sun or Shade:
Partial shade to sun; not particular about soil type; prefers consistently moist soil; can withstand some drought. This small fern is lacy and evergreen so it provides year-round interest.