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Bellwort (Uvularia perfoliata)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Uvularia perfoliata
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: oo-voo-LAR-ee-a per-foh-lee-AY-tuh
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: bees. Plant Types: Perennial.

Merrybells (Uvularia perfoliata) grows in sun to part shade; average to organic soil; moderate to moist conditions; acid soils. Most likely to be confused with Uvularia grandiflora which has hairy leaves underneath and larger flowers, up to 2 inches long. According to the “doctrine of signatures” it was thought that the blossoms look like the uvula, or...
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Birdfoot Violet (Viola pedata)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viola pedata
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: butterfly host and evergreen. Plant Types: Perennial.

Birdfoot Violet (Viola pedata) grows in full sun; does best in sandy or gravelly, dry, extremely well-drained soil; do not fertilize as it likes poor soil; requires no care once established; may self-seed in optimum conditions; crown will rot unless soil is very well drained; good plant for rock garden or edge of sunny, gravel path. Usually a small rosette of leaves...
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Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Actaea racemosa
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: pollinators and summer. Plant Types: Perennial.

Best grown in full to partial shade in a humus-y well-drained soil that is consistently moist; leaves will scorch if soil is allowed to dry out. Divided leaves provide interest, and tall flower spikes are showy, particularly against a dark background. Other Common Names: Black Bugbane, Black Snakeroot, Fairy Candles Other Scientific Names: Cimicifuga racemosa  ...
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Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sanguinaria canadensis
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: san-gwin-AR-ee-uh ka-na-DEN-sis
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: spring ephemeral. Plant Types: Perennial.

Best grown in partial to full shade in humusy well-drained soil with medium moisture; much more dramatic when planted in masses and allowed to naturalize. Although the flowers are short-lived, the leaves are attractive and provide interest until they go dormant; the reddish-orange sap of the plant has been used as a dye. Other Common Names: Puccoon, Red Puccoon,...
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Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sisyrinchium angustifolium
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: sis-ee-RINK-ee-um an-gus-tee-FOH-lee-um
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: blue flower. Plant Types: Perennial.

Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium) enjoys full sun and blooms best there; prefers medium-wet, well-drained soil; will readily self-seed if growing conditions are good; divide every 2-3 years to keep plants vigorous; best in naturalized areas, border edges, rock gardens, informal gardens. This plant is not a grass at all, but is a member of the Iris family...
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