Scientific Name Pronounciation:
Plant Hardiness Zones:
Plant Hardiness Zone(s):
3-6 in. H X 3-6 in. W
Flowers are large (1-1.5 inches), purple, flat-faced with prominent yellow stamens; upper two petals are sometimes much darker than lower petals; rarely white; will sometimes rebloom in fall.
Bloom Time Notes:
Dark green; basal with long petioles; finely cut into finger-like palmate lobes.
Capsule that ripens from green to tan and splits open casting seeds out.
Viola is the host plant for Great Spangled Fritillary butterflies
Rocky or dry open woods; slopes; ridges; prairies; glades; roadsides.
Seed (needs cold stratification); root cuttings: cut a circle around the crown of the plant approximately 3/4 inch from the crown and 4 inches or so into the soil; remove plant and fill hole with a light potting soil; replant original plant; new plants will grow from ends of cut roots and can be transplanted to permanent locations.
Sun or Shade:
Birdfoot Violet (Viola pedata) grows in full sun; does best in sandy or gravelly, dry, extremely well-drained soil; do not fertilize as it likes poor soil; requires no care once established; may self-seed in optimum conditions; crown will rot unless soil is very well drained; good plant for rock garden or edge of sunny, gravel path. Usually a small rosette of leaves is evergreen throughout the winter.
Other Common Names: Crowfoot Violet, Pansy Violet, Bird's Foot Violet