Scientific Name:

Viola pedata

Common Name:

Birdfoot Violet

Scientific Name Pronounciation:

vee-OH-luh ped-AH-tuh

Plant Type:


Plant Hardiness Zones:


Plant Hardiness Zone(s):

Usual Size:

3-6 in. H X 3-6 in. W


Flowers are large (1-1.5 inches), purple, flat-faced with prominent yellow stamens; upper two petals are sometimes much darker than lower petals; rarely white; will sometimes rebloom in fall.

Bloom Time Notes:

Late Spring


Dark green; basal with long petioles; finely cut into finger-like palmate lobes.


Capsule that ripens from green to tan and splits open casting seeds out.


Viola is the host plant for Great Spangled Fritillary butterflies

Natural Habitat:

Rocky or dry open woods; slopes; ridges; prairies; glades; roadsides.


Seed (needs cold stratification); root cuttings: cut a circle around the crown of the plant approximately 3/4 inch from the crown and 4 inches or so into the soil; remove plant and fill hole with a light potting soil; replant original plant; new plants will grow from ends of cut roots and can be transplanted to permanent locations.

Bloom Time:

Sun or Shade:

Companion Plants:

Cultural Notes:

Birdfoot Violet (Viola pedata) grows in full sun; does best in sandy or gravelly, dry, extremely well-drained soil; do not fertilize as it likes poor soil; requires no care once established; may self-seed in optimum conditions; crown will rot unless soil is very well drained; good plant for rock garden or edge of sunny, gravel path. Usually a small rosette of leaves is evergreen throughout the winter.


Other Common Names: Crowfoot Violet, Pansy Violet, Bird's Foot Violet


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