Scientific Name Pronounciation:
Plant Hardiness Zones:
Plant Hardiness Zone(s):
6-10 ft. H X 5-6 ft. W
Plants are dioecious, having separate male and female flowers. Creamy white small flowers with green centers.
Bloom Time Notes:
1 1/2 to 4 inches long, with dark green summer color turning yellow in fall
Birds love the berries, host plant for Henry's Elfin butterfly.
Lowlands and wet areas.
Seed, cuttings, or division.
Sun or Shade:
Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) tolerates poor drainage and wet areas and is very showy in fruit. You must have both a male and female plant to have berries. The male must be the same species as the female and bloom at the same time. The plant may sucker a bit in ideal conditions or when damaged.
Cultivars are available but must be carefully selected:
'Jim Dandy' is a male plant and is generally grown only as a pollinator for the female winterberry cultivar 'Red Sprite' while 'Southern Gentleman' is recommended as a male for the female 'Winter Red.'