Scientific Name Pronounciation:
Plant Hardiness Zones:
Plant Hardiness Zone(s):
30-60 ft. H (occasionally taller) X 20-30 ft. W
8-14 inches wide; creamy white with 6-9 petals (or tepals); inner 3 petals may have a purple stain near base; blooms in late spring after leaves appear; fragrant
Bloom Time Notes:
Deciduous; oblong, widest near pointed tip; very large, at 12-36 inches long and 7-12 inches wide; "eared" or lobed at base; alternate, simple, borne in pseudo-whorls; bright green and smooth above, light gray and downy below; on 2-4-inch stalks; large, woolly, light green terminal buds.
Rounded, egg-shaped, rose-colored, about 3 inches long which contains fleshy seeds.
Birds love the fleshy seeds.
Understory tree of rich wooded ravines in isolated populations.
Layering in early spring or by seed; to propagate by seed, harvest the fruit in the fall after the seeds have swollen and are bright red; fleshy seed covering should be removed by rubbing it off under running water; best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe; plagued by poor seed set and low seed viability.
Sun or Shade:
Bigleaf Magnolia (Magnolia macrophylla) is best used in large landscape situations, not for smaller subdivision lots; performs best in loose, moist, well-drained, neutral to acidic soil; part sun to partial shade; protect from strong winds to avoid torn leaves, although some sources indicate success with plantings in full sun for a dramatic specimen tree (especially when a tropical effect is desired such as near a swimming pool!).