Scientific Name Pronounciation:
Plant Hardiness Zones:
Plant Hardiness Zone(s):
8-18 in. H X 6-12 in. W
3 white or pink petals, drooping below leaves, each curved backward, on stalk .5-1.5 inches long, with prominent yellow anthers on the 6 stamens surrounding a whitish ovary; 3 green or purplish sepals.
Bloom Time Notes:
3 well-spaced but whorled elliptic to oval, pointed leaves; green with prominent veins; leaf base narrow, stalk-like, attached to top of narrow green to purplish stems.
Greenish white, oval, pulpy, berry-like pod, about 1/2 inch in diameter.
Ants carry the seeds to new places.
Often in upland, well-drained, oak-hickory woods; also in mature, rich coves, near streams, and under ericaceous plants such as Mountain Laurel.
Rhizome division or wounding (as described in books by Jacobs and Case); slow from seed; squeeze out green/light brown seeds as pods soften in late June and remove white appendage (elaiosome), or soak 15 minutes in commercial 3% hydrogen peroxide, then plant moist seeds within a week; usually germinates second spring with one leaf after summer sowing; flowers in 5 -7 years.
Sun or Shade:
Catesby Trillium (Trillium catesbaei) grows in average to humusy but well-drained soil in light to deep shade; flowers point down or sideways and appear more prominent planted in groups of three or more or on slopes above a path; established plants prefer a summer dry period.
Transplant tips: Relatively easy to transplant; dig about six inches deep to lift rhizomes with roots attached; keep moist until replanted; will survive a week or more even when taken without attached earth, but may lose vigor; if stem breaks, will likely resprout the following year, but not flower for several years.
One of 20 different species of Trillium that are native to Georgia.
Other Common Names: Rose Trillium, Nodding Rose Trillium, Bashful Wake-Robin