Scientific Name:

Solidago canadensis

Common Name:

Field Goldenrod

Scientific Name Pronounciation:

so-li-DAY-go ka-na-DEN-sis

Plant Type:


Plant Hardiness Zones:


Plant Hardiness Zone(s):

Usual Size:

36-72 in. H x 18-24 in. W


Dense 12-inch-long yellow flower clusters are plume-like; flowers attached along only one side of arching branches; flower 1/8 inches with rays of 10-11 petals.

Bloom Time Notes:



Alternate, rough-textured lance-shaped grayish leaves are sessile, sharply to finely serrate.


A seed.


Used by long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, beetles, and butterflies. The caterpillars of many moths feed on the foliage.

Natural Habitat:

Dry open woods, old fields, meadows and roadsides.


Seeds; division (rhizomatous roots).

Bloom Time:

Sun or Shade:

Companion Plants:

Cultural Notes:

Field Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) is an aggressive, rhizomatous  perennial that has high wildlife value. Not a "garden friendly" plant unless sited in drier conditions or perhaps a pot, but perfectly fine for large spaces where space control is not an issue.

Other species of goldenrod (Solidago) are clumpers and do not have aggressive roots. See Solidago erecta and Solidago nemoralis.

Contrary to popular belief, goldenrod is not a source of fall allergies because its pollen is not light enough to be transported on the wind. Goldenrods are insect pollinated and highly sought after by native bees and butterflies for pollen and nectar. Fall allergies are associated with wind-pollinated plants such as ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia), an annual plant with greenish flowers that is often unnoticed.


Other Common Names: Tall Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Other Scientific Names: Solidago altissimaSolidago canadensis var scabra


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