Scientific Name:

Aesculus pavia

Common Name:

Red buckeye

Scientific Name Pronounciation:

(ES-kew-lus PAY-vee-uh)

Plant Type:


Plant Hardiness Zones:


Plant Hardiness Zone(s):

Usual Size:

6-15 ft. H X 6-12 ft. W


Flowers are 1 to 1.25 inches long, with four unequal, reddish petals and 6 or 7 shorter stamens; in upright branched clusters 4 to 6 inches long

Bloom Time Notes:



Deciduous; opposite; palmately compound leaves on slender leafstalk with 5 (sometimes 7) leaflets 4 to 6 inches long, 1.5 to 2 inches wide; finely sawtoothed; short stalked.


Capsule globe-shaped, smooth, light brown, and leathery; 1 to 1.5 inches in diameter; 1 to 4 seeds maturing in late summer


Hummingbirds nectar on early flowers, bees visit flowers; small mammals eat seeds.

Natural Habitat:

Most often found on well-drained, open wooded slopes as understory plant.


Collect seed as soon as capsules begin to split in late summer; best grown from stratified seed in very early spring; protect seeds and very young plants from squirrels; seeds harvested in late summer and planted immediately into warm soil tend to germinate but might not be tough enough to survive a cold winter.

Bloom Time:

Sun or Shade:

Companion Plants:

Cultural Notes:

Large showy flowers; makes an excellent naturalizing plant; nectar source for hummingbirds.  Grows best in rich, moist, but well-drained soil; if the usually red flowers are pale it might have hybridized with painted buckeye (Aesculus sylvatica).


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