Scientific Name Pronounciation:
Plant Hardiness Zones:
Plant Hardiness Zone(s):
1-3 ft. H X 1-1.5 ft. W
Greenish-yellowish-white, bell-like flowers dangle from the leaf axils along the length of the arching stem in clusters of 2 to 4 flowers.
Bloom Time Notes:
Two rows of smooth, alternate, oval to elliptic, prominently veined leaves; lime green on top, whitish underneath.
Pea-sized, dark, steely blue berries in fall.
Wildlife eat the fruit.
Moist shady woods.
Divide rhizomes either in early spring, or in fall as leaves begin to yellow; to propagate by seed, collect berries when blue-black and extract white seeds.
Sun or Shade:
Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum biflorum) grows in partial to full shade; average, medium-wet to wet, well-drained soil; prefers humusy soils; spreads slowly by rhizomes to form colonies if happy.
Foliage stays green all summer; graceful arching leafy stem is very decorative; wonderful as a specimen or when massed in the woodland or shade garden; age of the plant can be determined by counting the scars along the rhizome.
Note: The variegated form often used in gardens is not a native species.
Other Common Names: Smooth Solomon's Seal, Lady's Seal