Scientific Name:

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)

Common Name:

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)

Scientific Name Pronounciation:

mag-NO-lee-uh gran-dih-FLOR-uh

Plant Type:


Plant Hardiness Zones:

7-9 (may include protected areas in zone 6)

Plant Hardiness Zone(s):

Usual Size:

60-80 ft. H X 30-50 ft. W


Creamy white and fragrant, about 8 inches wide with 6 thick petals. Pollinated by beetles.

Bloom Time Notes:

Late spring into summer


Evergreen, alternate leaves 8 to 12 inches long that are thick, glossy and occasionally have a brown colored underside.


3 to 6 inches long cone structure that contains showy red fruits that are fleshy and dangle by a silky thread.


Birds love the fleshy fruits.

Natural Habitat:

Lowland & coastal woods, considered one of the 3 bay trees of the Coastal Plain (bullbay, sweetbay and redbay).


By seed

Bloom Time:

Sun or Shade:

Companion Plants:

Cultural Notes:

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) is a relatively fast-growing tree. It casts a dark shade, making underplanting difficult. It has become a bit of pest in the Piedmont region as birds have carried seeds into Piedmont woodland communities and the trees grow dense enough to out-compete some of the native vegetation.

Each flower only lasts a few days, but the overall bloom time on the plant is several weeks.

Cultivars are available, including small forms such as 'Little Gem' for smaller landscapes.

Other Common Names: Bull bay


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