Scientific Name Pronounciation:
Plant Hardiness Zones:
Plant Hardiness Zone(s):
2-5 ft H
Small yellow flowers arranged in thin sprays of arching stems. Individual flowers are 1/8" across, consisting of 4-8 ray florets and a similar number of tubular disk florets
Bloom Time Notes:
Medium green, alternate, with a wrinkled appearance because of the indentations of their pinnate veins
Used by long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, beetles, and butterflies. The caterpillars of many moths feed on the foliage.
Low woods; meadows; old fields; pine barrens; bogs.
Sun or Shade:
Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa) is a handsome perennial with a spreading habit. It is not as aggressive as Solidago canadensis, but the clump will increase over time. A popular cultivar of this species is known as 'Fireworks.'
Contrary to popular belief, goldenrod is not a source of fall allergies because its pollen is not light enough to be transported on the wind. Goldenrods are insect pollinated and highly sought after by native bees and butterflies for pollen and nectar. Fall allergies are associated with wind-pollinated plants such as ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia), an annual plant with greenish flowers that is often unnoticed.
Other Common Names: Rough-leaf Goldenrod, Rough-stem Goldenrod