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Piedmont Azalea (Rhododendron canescens)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Rhododendron canescens
  • PLANT TYPE: Shrub
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: roh-do-DEN-dron kan-ESS-kens
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: azalea, deciduous, and fragrant. Plant Types: Shrub.

Piedmont Azalea (Rhododendron canescens) grows in partial shade to full sun; requires acid soil; does best with a lot of organic matter in the soil; like slightly moist soil; plant will be bushier with more sun; will slowly form clumps by sending up suckers. It blooms in early spring, just about time the leaves come out.   Other Common Names: Pinxter Azalea,...
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Pink Ladyslipper (Cypripedium acaule)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cypripedium acaule
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: sip-rih-PEE-dee-um a-KAW-lee
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: orchid. Plant Types: Perennial.

Pink Ladyslipper (Cypripedium acaule) grows in shade to partial shade; moist, rich, acidic soil; mulch with compost, partially rotted pine straw is best; may be troubled with slugs and mold. If transplanting, roots very shallow; breaking roots can stunt or kill the plant; best to work plant free with digging fork or fingers; may be difficult to transplant...
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Rattlesnake fern (Botrychium virginianum)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Botrychium virginianum
  • PLANT TYPE: Fern
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: (boh-TRY-kee-ee-um vir-jin-ee-AN-um)
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: Fern. Plant Types: Fern.

Shade preferred as it soon dies out in sunny locations; needs moist, rich, acidic soil. Other Common Names: Virginia grape fern
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Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME:
  • PLANT TYPE: Shrub
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION:
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: bees and hummingbird. Plant Types: Shrub.


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Red buckeye (Aesculus pavia)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aesculus pavia
  • PLANT TYPE: Tree
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: (ES-kew-lus PAY-vee-uh)
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: Hummingbirds and pollinators. Plant Types: Tree.

Large showy flowers; makes an excellent naturalizing plant; nectar source for hummingbirds.  Grows best in rich, moist, but well-drained soil; if the usually red flowers are pale it might have hybridized with painted buckeye (Aesculus sylvatica).
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Red maple (Acer rubrum)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Acer rubrum
  • PLANT TYPE: Tree
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: (AY-ser ROO-brum)
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: deciduous and fall color. Plant Types: Tree.

Red maple has nice fall color; flowers are somewhat showy in late winter to early spring; good shade tree; tolerates some air pollution; grows in most soil types and moisture levels; a number of cultivars are available in the nursery trade (such as ‘October Glory’). Best in moist, fertile, loamy soils but also grows in dry, rocky, upland...
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Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cercis canadensis
  • PLANT TYPE: Tree
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: (SER-sis ka-na-DEN-sis)
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: bees and edible flowers. Plant Types: Tree.

Sun to part sun; dry to moist soil but cannot tolerate soggy soil; acid to alkaline soil. Quite a few cultivars are available in the nursery trade including ‘Forest Pansy’ which has purplish foliage.
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Round-lobe Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: hep-AT-ih-kuh no-BEEL-ee-us ob-TUS-sa
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: January flowers. Plant Types: Perennial.

Round-lobe Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa)  grows in shade to partial shade; best in humus-y, medium-wet, well-drained soil; needs to be consistently moist; may self-seed in optimum conditions. One of the earliest wildflowers to bloom; evergreen foliage provides winter interest when not covered by heavy leaf cover.   Other Common Names: Round-Lobed...
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Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Osmunda regalis
  • PLANT TYPE: Fern
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: os-MUN-duh re-GAY-liss
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: specimen and wetland. Plant Types: Fern.

Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis) grows in partial to full shade; moist, acidic, somewhat water-retentive soil; with plenty of water it will tolerate nearly full sun. Its feathery appearance provides good texture accent; available in nursery trade.
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Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thalictrum thalictroides
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: tha-LIK-trum thal-ik-TROY-deez
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: bees and spring. Plant Types: Perennial.

Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides) is best grown in partial shade in sandy, humusy soil; it needs well-drained soil which stays moderately moist; good plant for the spring wildflower or rock garden, but it will go dormant in summer if it gets too dry. Other Common Names: Windflower Other Scientific Names: Anemone thalictroides, Syndesmon thalictroides,...
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Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)


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Scarlet sage (Salvia coccinea)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Salvia coccinea
  • PLANT TYPE: Annual
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: SAL-vee-uh kok-SIN-ee-uh
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: Hummingbirds. Plant Types: Annual.

Deer tolerant
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Shuttleworth ginger (Hexastylis shuttleworthii)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hexastylis shuttleworthii
  • PLANT TYPE: Groundcover
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: hex-uh-STY-lus shuttle-WORTH-ee-eye
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: evergreen. Plant Types: Groundcover.

Shuttleworth ginger (Hexastylis shuttleworthii) grows in partial to full shade; well-drained, acidic soil; will spread slowly by rhizomes to form large colonies over time. This is a very attractive groundcover and grows well in moist garden conditions.   Other Common Names: Largeflower Heartleaf, Mottled Wild Ginger...
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Slender Goldenrod (Solidago erecta)

Slender Goldenrod (Solidago erecta) is a smooth-stemmed, clumping goldenrod with one or more blooming stems branching from a single stalk. Foliage and stem may be burgundy colored, especially in late fall. This handsome perennial pairs well with other fall blooming flowers like blazing stars (Liatris pilosa, for example) and native grasses. Contrary to popular...
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Smooth Phlox (Phlox glaberrima)

  • SCIENTIFIC NAME: Phlox glaberrima
  • PLANT TYPE: Perennial
  • SCIENTIFIC NAME PRONUNCIATION: floks gla-ber-REE-muh
  • TAGS: Plant Tags: butterflies and summer. Plant Types: Perennial.

Smooth phlox (Phlox glaberrima) grows best in sun to partial shade; it is not particular about soil, but does not like to dry out. Blooms for 2 months between May and July and again later in the year; flowers are fragrant and attract butterflies.
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